Although the production of waste is increasing, it has brought a great impact on the coastal and marine environment. This is a very strong reason why there is an increase and strengthening of policies not only in the United Kingdom but all over the world. The biggest problem nowadays comes mainly from plastic waste, but the problems that come from other types of waste should not be left behind.
Since such wastes have environmental impacts, reduce an area’s tourism revenue and result in human health issues, identifying effective mitigation policies is necessary to reduce waste and litter before it spreads to the environment. In London, a host of policies, campaigns and strategies are used by the local governments aimed at reducing waste in the environment. For this reason, during the campaigns for waste reduction and recycling, representatives conduct interviews with waste managers, including companies that offer rubbish removal in London and recycling centers.
If we deal with littering, we conclude that it is relatively illegal. Large companies in the UK to save a little more money do not establish links with recycling centers or do not have a recycling depot of their own. This creates a huge cost for society, the environment, the plant and animal world as well as for the seas and oceans on planet Earth. If this phenomenon and this carelessness will continue, 17% of the species affected by pollution today, both in the terrestrial and aquatic environment, will increase to 99% of the species affected in 2050 only by the waste dumped without control.
To combat the damage caused by waste, especially plastic waste, governmental and non-governmental organizations invest in numerous waste reduction infrastructure, policies and programs. The whole idea of the strategies created by these ideas is to reduce waste and control it throughout its life process without ending up in the environment. Waste reduction programs and infrastructure typically target plastic waste before and after it enters the environment. These strategies attempt to prevent and remove plastic waste from entering the environment and prevent beach dumping.
In 1970, the Earth Day organization was founded, which aims to protect the earth from numerous waste. The success was seen to be reaped since the first day of this organization was the gathering of 20 million Americans to protest against environmental ignorance. They looked for a new way to move forward with their goal.
This day of protests led to the adoption of important environmental laws in the USA. These include the Clean Air, Clean Water, and Endangered Species Acts and the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). After this happened in the USA, many other countries became sensitized and do the same by establishing strong laws for the protection of the environment. In 2016, on Earth Day (the day of protest in 1970), the Paris Climate Agreement was signed.
In 1987 in Montreal, 24 countries of the world signed the Montreal Protocol, an international agreement to gradually remove the production of chemical refrigerants such as chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs. The amount of ozone-depleting CFCs in the atmosphere has begun to decrease and the thickness of the ozone layer has stabilized, demonstrating the life-saving impact that an international environmental treaty can have.
Hydrofluorocarbons does not deplete ozone, so they are used as refrigerants in refrigerators and air conditioners. But fortunately, China and the Group of 20, which includes Canada and the USA, have announced plans to phase out the production and use of HFCs.
7 provinces and 170 municipalities in Canada have banned the use of pesticides for aesthetic purposes. In general, these were used to kill insects or bad weeds so that the gardens looked more beautiful. The eighth province to join later was the province of Manitoba, which passed legislation that came into effect in 2015. Banning these pesticides that affect freshwater showed that pesticide concentrations were reduced in urban stream water.
In the same way, but a little more quickly, the European Union has also banned the use of a large number of pesticides and some types of them because they are suspected of causing the death of bees. Bees are important pollinators, so colony collapses are threatening crop production and food supplies.
In 35 years, EU environmental policy has made great strides. Today, the EU’s sustainable development strategy provides a comprehensive long-term framework, targeting synergies between economic, social and environmental goals.
European environmental protection legislation works when it is implemented and this is shown by the following points
The lead would still be spewing into the air from most of our fleet of cars;
Chlorofluorocarbons would have further depleted the ozone layer;
nitrogen oxide emissions from road transport would be 10 times higher;
Life in our rivers, lakes and estuaries would still be choked by runoff, not to mention the unpleasant prospect of bathing in sewage-polluted coastal waters;
The increase in land areas would be eaten up by the expansion of waste landfills – waste incinerators would not operate to such strict standards.
Without the European legislation for the protection of honey and its strict implementation, these problems would not have changed.