The Problems With Burying Waste in Landfills

Landfills are places selected to throw away rubbish, garbage, or other kinds of solid wastes. Landfills are open garbage dumps or just some hole in the ground. After every waste removal process, landfills are the places for disposing of all excess which is either buried or left to pile in loads. Recently, landfills are pretty common, particularly due to the increased number of wastes from our homes, schools, offices, hospitals, and markets. Some landfills are well managed because of combined waste management.

A lot of societies leave the landfills neglected which causes land pollution and uncontrolled buildup of all kinds of solid waste materials.


What kinds of waste do landfills handle?

Landfills can handle non-hazardous municipal solid waste, construction waste, and land clearing debris, industrial wastes, sewage sludge, treated medical wastes and solidified liquid wastes.

Burying all of the waste in the ground is useful in several ways like an excellent energy source, keeps cities and towns clean, keeps hazardous waste isolated, and also support jobs and local business.

Let’s see what the disadvantages related to landfills are.

Effects of Landfills 

  1. Air pollution

There are various toxic gases produced from landfills, and methane gas is the most dangerous. Methane gas is naturally produced through the process of organic matter decay. Methane is 25x more potent than carbon dioxide.

That increases urban and global temperatures and leads to global warming and climate change. Away from the methane gas, there are other households and farming chemicals that can be found in the landfills like bleach and ammonia. Those chemicals can generate toxic gases that can affect the air quality within the landfill locality.

  1. Groundwater pollution

Another ecological problem because of landfills is groundwater contamination. Hazardous chemicals, gases, and toxins leak from landfills, blend with soil and groundwater causing soil and water pollution.

The toxic products in the landfills range from industrial to household cleaners.

A massive percentage of these landfill toxins penetrate the soil to reach the freshwater canals, which end up in the domestic water and miserably, the foods that we consume. Pollution can harm animal and plant life.

  1. Landfills and Wildlife

Landfill sites have undesirable effects on plants and animals. Surely, birds and animals feed on landfill sites. By doing so they eat plastic, aluminum, drywall, and other materials.

  1. Health effects

What about us and how does it affect our health?

Landfills and hazardous chemicals from waste removal increase the risk of some health implications such as birth defects, low birth weight. In some studies, specific cancers have been testified in persons living next to landfill areas. Other minor discomfort and self-reported symptoms for people living next to the landfills like sleepiness, headaches, and fatigue.

Waste around us needs more consideration than ever before. Today’s landfills have advanced to planned waste management systems. Their purpose is to reduce pollution, control contamination, and protect our health and environment. Despite that, landfills are vital for keeping the cities clean and healthy.

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