One of the biggest problems our planet is facing is the excessive pollution that causes global warming and people, at least in part, are to blame. The causes, effects and complications of global warming are important to understand so that we can fight for the health of our planet. We have everything at hand to fight air pollution, soil and water pollution, extreme climate change, the reduction of animals and plants by being careful and kind to our planet.
Let’s stop at the first point and address some of the effects of global warming. One of the main effects is the rise in average temperatures and extreme weather. The average global temperature has increased by about 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit (0.8 degrees Celsius) over the past 100 years, according to scientists. 16 of the 17 warmest years recorded have occurred since 2001, and the hottest year was 2016 on record globally, according to NASA.
Global warming may also lead to extreme weather other than cold or heat extremes. For example, hurricane formations will change. It is more likely to become less frequent on a global basis, although the hurricanes that form may be more intense.
Lightening is another weather feature that is being affected by global warming. According to a 2014 study, a 50 % increase in the number of lightning strikes is expected by 2100 if global temperatures continue to rise.
Melting ice and sea levels is a noticeable effect in recent years. One of the most dramatic effects is the reduction of Arctic sea ice. Sea ice hit record-low extents in both the fall and winter of 2015 and 2016, meaning that at the time when the ice is supposed to be at its peak, it was lagging. According to a 2016 study, there is a 99 % probability that this rapid melting is due to climate change caused by humans. The melting of polar ice in the Arctic and Antarctic regions is expected to significantly raise sea levels. If greenhouse gas emissions and waste dumping remain uncontrolled, global sea levels will continue to rise dramatically. If current trends continue, many coastal areas, where approximately half of the Earth’s human population lives, will be flooded.
Many species of plants and animals are already moving their range northward or to higher altitudes as a result of warming temperatures. Because of this, many animals may not be able to compete in the new climate regime and may go extinct. Warmer temperatures will also expand the range of many disease-causing pathogens that were once confined to tropical and subtropical areas, killing off plant and animal species that formerly were protected from disease. These and other effects of global warming will likely contribute to the disappearance of up to one-half of Earth’s plants and one-third of animals.
The problems we addressed a little above have solutions, although they will not affect now, as for many years the pollution has gone beyond the borders. A greener, healthier world requires each of us to do all we can to eliminate the pollution and practices that are warming the planet and changing our climate. We as citizens would be of great help to our planet if we increase the use of electronic cars, walking or cycling when it comes to not too long distances.
Another important factor is the control of dumped waste causing pollution of land and water and often waste causes poisoning of animals. It is not necessary to simply pick up the waste and leave it somewhere wherever it may be when we can arrange a waste removal service from companies that are licensed for disposal and recycling.
A great help would be our activation in environmental protection organizations by giving ideas and making humanity aware and react to excessive pollution.